The Hungarian government arranged an extraordinary drone display last night as part of their generous hospitality for this year’s ITU Telecom World event in Budapest. I have never seen anything quite like it, and I hope the photos below provide just a glimpse into the technical and artistic success of this occasion.
So many thoughts sprang to mind! In the future, drone displays may well take over from fireworks and laser shows! But more worryingly, just imagine that each drone carried a small explosive payload, that the drones had facial and gait recognition capabilities, and that they were programmed autonomously to track you down… There are many different futures: we need to ensure that the negatve aspects of digital technologies are mitigated, so that their positive aspects can flourish.
It is without doubt appropriate to thank HE Mr. István Manno, Head of the Protocol Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary for his indefatigable work to ensure the strongest possible relationships between the ITU and the Government of Hungary, and especially for all of his efforts to make this evening event such a success.
It was a great honour to have been invited – a few hours beforehand – to give one of the inaugural WSIS TalkX presentations last Thursday evening as WSIS 2019 drew towards its close. Seven of us had been asked if we would like to talk about our lives in technology for around 5 minutes. I opted to go last – just before the closing cocktail party. Several colleagues had to leave before the end to get to other commitments and so they spoke first; I knew I would be remaining to enjoy the wine. Before me there were some amazing, inspirational speakers: Stephenie Rodriguez, Joel Radvanyi, Gloria Kimbwala, Ayanna T Samuels, Sebastian Behaghel and Ted Chen…
With little time to prepare it was difficult to know quite what to say. We had been asked to tell our own stories, and so I chose five images as five “scenes” around which to tell my tale. Posting the images on social media, I had hoped that people might be able to see them as I spoke…
In reality, I’m not sure that many people actually saw the pictures, and I know many were rather confused when I began and introduced myself in the persona of one of my aliases. I had, though, been introduced by the Master of Ceremonies as someone learning from the life of Hassan-i Sabbah…
To see and hear what I had to say, click on the image above (or here). Fully to understand it, though, you would need to listen to the other six talks, because I tried hard to link it to what the speakers had to say – especially, for example, about the best university in the world, and the SDGs!
The basic message is simple – if we really believe in empowering the poor and the marginalised through digital technologies we must become their servants…
Filed under Africa, agriculture, Asia, capitalism, Commonwealth, Development, Disability, Education, Empowerment, Geography, Higher Education, ICT4D, Photographs, research, South Bihar
The arrival of relatively cheap drones (or unmanned aerial vehicles, UAVs) that can be purchased and used by people other than the military and civilian “authorities” raises fundamental questions about privacy and security. To be sure, there is good evidence of the positive role that drones can play, particularly in providing humanitarian assistance, and in delivering supplies to remote regions, but insufficient attention is paid to their darker side. Increasingly, countries such as the UK are wisely seeking to control the use of drones near airports (see for example Civil Aviation Authority) and no fly zones are being created in sensitive areas (see noflydrones and the UK Air Navigation Order, CAP393). However, much less attention is paid to the implications of the use of drones for photographing or tracking individuals without their knowledge or permission. This is especially so when drones are used by those with malicious intent to monitor or photograph people’s activities in their homes or on their properties. In particular their use by burglars to scope properties is becoming increasingly common, and of growing concern to the police (The Guardian, 3rd April 2017).
One fundamental question that requires resolution is why, if people are allowed to fly drones over someone’s property, that person is not permitted to “take down” the drones? There seems to be a fundamental and unfair asymmetry here.
Broadly speaking there are three main ways through which drones can be taken down:
- by shooting them out of the sky with small missiles or guns;
- by catching them using larger, more powerful drones with nets; or
- by hacking their control software.
The first of these is problematic for most people, is probably illegal (except when used by the military and police), and could cause collateral injury to others. The second is undoubtedly feasible, and examples such as Delft Dynamic’s Dronecatcher, and the Tokyo police’s use of nets to catch suspicious looking drones, are becoming increasingly widespread. One of the best defences against unwanted drones is simply to use a more powerful drone fitted with a net to take them down.
Many drones, though, are susceptible to relatively simple hacking that takes advantage of insecurities in the wireless connections between users and their drones. The following articles present interesting advice for those wishing to hack drones and retain their privacy in the face of increasing drone surveillance:
- Nils Rodday, “Hacking a Professional Drone” (RSA Conference, 2016)
- Sander Walters, “How can drones be hacked? The updated list of vulnerable drones & attack tools” (2016)
- Wang Wei, “You can hijack nearly any drone mid-flight using this tiny gadget” (Hacker News, 2016)
- Dan Goodin, “There’s a new way to take down drones, and it doesn’t involve shotguns” (Arstechnica, 2016)
- April Glaser, “The US government showed just how easy it is to hack drones made by Parrot, DBPower, and Cheerson” (Recode, 2017)
- Pierluigi Paganini, “How to hack drones with just a $40 hardware from 2 km away” (Security Affairs, 2016)
- Kelsey Atherton, “This DIY device lets you hi-jack drones in mid-air” (Popular Science, 2016)
- Phil Sneiderman, “Here’s how easy it is to hack a drone and crash it” (Futurity, 2016)
- Ed Darack, “Drone hacking made easy” (Airspacemag, 2016)
Do please suggest additional resources of interest to those seeking to hack drones.
For those interested in the frightening potential for drones to be used as autonomous devices in warfare, this video produced to encourage the banning of autonomous lethal weapons is an absolute “must watch”. Much of this technology is already in existence, and being used to target and kill people who are deemed by the killer (currently most frequently a powerful state) to be undesirable. It is not difficult to envisage their widespread use, not only in warfare, in the future. All those responsible for developing such technologies have a responsibility to ensure that they are only used for good applications.
A more recent update, focusing mainly on “weapons” that can be fired to bring down drones with nets was published by the BBC in October 2018.